Brother sister Tika ceremony 2075(Relation of Brother and sister)

Manoj Babu Adhikari

Diwali in Nepal known as Tihar the 2nd most celebrated festival in Nepal after Dashain. In this festival, people not only celebrate the Gods but also animals and birds which share a close relationship.
Diwali in Nepal Dates 2020
Diwali is celebrated on the night of the New moon in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar. The entire festival was a five-day grand celebration. The whole country observes a long week holiday . As per the English calendar.
How is Tihar Celebrated?
Tihar in Nepal, also called ‘Deepawali’ is more commonly as ‘Tihar’ among the locals. There are various other names like ‘Yamapanchak’ or ‘Swanti’. ‘Yamapanchak’ translates to the five days of Lord Yama, the God of Death. During this period, people pray to Lord Yama to appease him so that he may judge their virtues and vices fairly after their demise and leads their souls to heaven.

The Nepalese people not only praise Gods and Deities like Shri Laxmi, Lord Yama, Govardhan Mountain, etc. but also honour and worship animals like crows, dogs, cows and oxen with the belief that it will bring happiness, success and good fortune in their lives. These animals are considered as divine gifts from mother nature by the people, and the relationship that they share with them is considered sacred.

The celebration starts almost a month ago when people start cleaning their homes, discarding all the unwanted and broken things and purchasing new clothes. Every family purchases items like clay lamps, rangoli colours and electric lights to decorate their houses with. Also, a variety of delicious snacks and sweets for the occasion.

Diwali in Nepal is celebrated in the whole of Nepal by the Hindus and Buddhists. However, few of the ceremonies that are of the Hindu mythological origin are omitted by the Buddhist people.
The Five Day Celebration of Diwali in Nepal
The 5 days of the celebration involves the worshipping of 5 different deities for peace and prosperity. These days are observed as follows:
1) kaag tihar(Crow worshipping )
2)Kukur Tihar(Dog worshipping)
3)Gai tIHAR(Cow worshipping)
4)Goru tihar(ox worshipping)
Day 5: Bhai Tika – Celebrating the Love of Brothers and Sisters in Nepal.
For the protection of brothers from all evil and to pray for their long lives, Bhai Tika is celebrated. ‘Bhai’ in Nepal means brother. The sisters recite auspicious ‘mantras’ (chants), put a ‘tika’ (red colour mark) on their brother’s forehead and also exchange gifts with them.
During this entire festival, every member of each household are involved in the preparations Females and young girls of the house prepare various desserts and snacks and decorate the house with rangoli designs and lamps. The older men close their old accounts and start new ones for the new financial year. Gold or silver jewellery is gifted on the eve of Tihar to the beautiful wives by their husbands. Children take joy in bursting crackers. People wear new clothes, eat sweet delicacies like Rasbari, Anarasa, Gulab jamun and Kalakand and exchange gifts and greet each other with lots of good wishes.

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